What do Rust, Risc-V, and SpinalHDL all have in common? They can all run on the Hackaday Supercon 2019 badge! In this rather lengthy post, I go through how to get started with SpinalHDL on the badge, how to setup a Risc-V soft core using VexRiscv, how to assemble a basic program for it, and finally how to target and build embedded Rust for it.
This week I had the awesome opportunity to interview David Galloway, a long-time game developer across many platforms. We met because I was wrong about the nature of the Game Boy CPU in this post, and I’m glad I made that mistake, because what an amazing guy to meet! In this extra-length interview, we discuss early 6052 games, Apple II game development, early 1990s game dev, Game Boy dev, speed-code for sprites, texture atlases, radiosity maps, video card drivers, and more!
The embedded Rust development ecosystem is changing fast. A bunch has changed even since early 2019 when I started prototyping firmware for the Gameslab’s system controller (STM32L0). Most of the changes are incredible! Device support crates, hardware abstraction layers (HALs), and even USB support are all very usable now for Cortex-M devices. In this post, I’ll summarize the ecosystem and show how to get started with embedded Rust on a STM32L0 part.
On the way to a working Gameslab, I had a few failures, some more “fun” than others. For example, it turns out that when your giant Zynq FPGA heats up to 70C while idling without any configuration, you might have a problem somewhere. Also, don’t solder while batteries are plugged in. Things die when you do. And, let’s not forget my newly found, strong distaste for QFP parts.
If you went to Hackaday Supercon 2019, you might have seen someone wandering around with a badge that was way too heavy looking. That was me! And that badge was a Gameslab, my FPGA-powered handheld game console. As the blog posts from years ago prove, I’ve been thinking about building Gameslab for a long time, and over the last few months, I have finally done it. In this post, I’ll explain what exactly a Gameslab is (game-slab, as in brick, or unwieldly object that plays games), why I built one, what’s in it, and how I got it working.
A few months ago, I bought a couple Xilinx Zynq XC7Z035s off of eBay. These are beefy parts, even today! Each one has a dual core ARM Cortex A9, DDR controller + other peripherals, and a giant FPGA fabric (275k “logic cells”). The description did say “refurbished”, and hopefully that means just reballed, which isn’t uncommon for these expensive parts. Anyway, since I bought them, I’ve been itching to design a board for the parts and try them out. Specifically, I’ve wanted to get around to designing and building my Gameslab portable game console project. Well, after years of thinking about it, I finally put in the time to design the boards. And, in this post plus a few more to come, I’ll write about that process in detail. Today, I want to talk about how to even start, since these high-speed parts have more requirements on the PCB than your typical microcontroller.
I recently scored a couple of XC7Z035s on Ebay from a chip seller in China! These are huge chips! The XC7Z010 on my Digilent Zybo dev-board has 28K logic cells and 240 KB of block RAM, while the XC7Z035 has 275K logic cells and 2 MB of block RAM (“logic cell” is a hazy term, but 275K is a lot!). So I’m excited to design a board for them, probably the forever-ongoing project, Gameslab. The prices to fab PCBs with 6 or even 8 layers keep dropping so fast, there isn’t an excuse now! JLCPCB even offers 6 layers with an impedance controlled stackup ($150 estimate for a 150x100mm board)! So, anyway, I’m excited to get back into FPGA stuff, so I’ve re-downloaded all the tools and set them up on a new virtual machine. To make sure I’ve got everything working, I thought a bare-metal blinking LED program would be a good place to start. This will ensure the cable drivers are installed, the ARM toolchain is setup, and that the JTAG download works. Essentially, I would use this same program to do the first test on a new board with a Zynq part.